Sally C. Stearns, PhD, is Professor of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, and Senior Research Fellow at the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Trained as a health economist, Dr. Stearns’ areas of expertise include comparative effectiveness research, economic evaluation, Medicare, nursing home use, nursing home staffing, and health care use at the end of life. Her current research focuses on health outcomes and resource use for Medicare beneficiaries. She is the principal investigator for the Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Center, which is funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute as part of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Her primary professional affiliations include: AcademyHealth (for which previously served as Chair of the Long-Term Care Interest Group), the International Health Economists Association, and the American Society of Health Economists. During her placement at ASPE, Dr. Stearns conducted analyses of utilization of the Medicare Hospice benefit in order to contribute to possible changes in reimbursement methodology that were legislated as part of the Affordable Care Act.